Canine Distemper - Distemper is one of the two most important diseases to protect against. The coyote and wild dog population in Saskatchewan are the biggest risk to be a carrier of Distemper. What you would see in your pet could include; squinting of the eyes is often the first sign observed, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite, fever and discharges from the eyes and/or nose. . Once the virus enters the nervous system, convulsions, twitches or partial paralysis become evident. It is spread through all body secretions and is highly contagious and usually fatal.
Canine Parvovirus - A highly contagious, potentially fatal disease for puppies. It is transmitted through direct and indirect contact with infected dog feces. Signs include vomiting, fever, depression and diarrhea, with or without blood. It is especially dangerous in young dogs but all unvaccinated dogs are at risk of contracting this severe disease. We see cases of parvovirus each year in SE Saskatchewan and often in puppies that are unvaccinated or who have not completed their puppy vaccination series. If you suspect your puppy may have parvo seek veterinary help immediately. Prognosis is greatly improved with early intervention.
Canine Hepatitis - Caused by the adenovirus this disease which may lead to severe damage of the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. Spread through an infected dog’s urine. Exposure can mean anything from a mild infection to death. Puppies are at most at risk with this disease.
Canine Para-influenza - A highly contagious respiratory infection in dogs and is responsible for most respiratory disease we see. It is transmitted readily by air-borne respiratory secretions. Infection by para-influenza virus produces coughing and fever. This virus is typically mild; however, secondary bacterial infection may occur and contribute to a more severe disease.
Canine Bordetella (Canine Cough) - An extremely contagious infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a persistent, dry, hacking cough. Dogs that go to groomers, boarding kennels and dog parks are all at risk for canine cough. This vaccine is not part of your pet's core vaccines at PAHC and only done for dogs that go to groomers, dog parks, daycare and kennels.
Canine Rabies - Rabies is fatal viral infection of the central nervous system that can affect all mammals, including humans. The signs often associated with Rabies include sensitivity to light , touch or sound, abnormal stride, salivating, the behavior is noticeably different and have other neurological signs. This virus is found in our local wildlife population and already in January of 2019 their was two positive rabies skunks by Beinfait. The virus is transmitted through the bite of an infected animal, if you encounter a suspicious animal caution should be taken. Contact you local veterinarian for rabies submission of a suspicious wildlife if they have encountered a human or unvaccinated pet. Routine vaccination is the key to controlling this dreaded disease. Proof of vaccination is required to take animals in to the United States.
When to vaccinate your Puppy
Distemper/Adeno/Parvo/Para-influenza is a combination vaccine administered under the skin at very specific intervals.
- Puppies should be vaccinated at 8, 12 and 16 weeks and 1 year of age.
- Booster need to be completed 3-4 weeks apart.
- One vaccination against these diseases will not keep your pet protected.
- After your puppy series is completed your pet will receive this vaccination every second year with its annual physical exam.
* If you adopt an older puppy >12 weeks or older it will only get two vaccines timed 3-4 weeks apart then again in 12 months.
* PAHC does not recommend vaccinating before 8 weeks of age.
Rabies is administered under the skin and does not require a booster before 12 months for vaccination.
- Puppies receive their Rabies vaccination typically when they are 16 weeks of age.
- Your pet will receive this vaccination again within one year and following that it is administered every three years.
Bordetella/Para-influenza is administered intra-nasally or orally
- For dog/puppies going to boarding facilities, groomers, daycare and dog parks they should receive this vaccination beginning at 12 weeks of age then annually.