Blood Work - We offer a wide range of in house diagnostic tests. Results can usually be given the same day the samples are taken. After taking a blood sample from your pet, our veterinarians and veterinary technologists are able to run a number of different tests including a Complete Blood Count which checks for infection, basic blood clotting & anemia as well as a Biochemistry which checks kidney, liver, pancreas, blood sugar & cellular minerals. We can also test for diseases using simple snap tests which require a small amount of blood for the feline test and a small fecal sample for the canine test. Our feline snap test diagnoses leukemia, feline AIDS & heartworm. Our canine snap test diagnoses parvovirus.
Urinalysis - A urine analysis provides information about your pets’ kidneys, bladder, and liver, along with other organs. It is important in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections, diabetes and several other diseases. There are three steps to performing a urine analysis. After either catching a urine sample or taking a sample directly from the bladder through the abdominal wall, which is known as a cystocentesis, we can begin the procedure. First, urine is placed on a dip stick with a variety of colored squares, each one representing a specific chemical reagent such as pH, protein, glucose, blood, etc. Once the urine is dropped onto the square, a chemical reaction occurs and changes the color of the square depending on how much of that substance is detected in the urine. Next, we need to determine the specific gravity by placing a drop of urine on a refractometer, which indicates how well the kidneys are able to concentrate the urine. Finally, another sample is placed on a glass slide, stained and examined under a microscope to evaluate different elements like white blood cells, bacteria and crystals.
Fecal Floatation - A fecal float is done to determine the presence of parasites in an animal. This is done by combining a sample of your pets’ feces with a sugar or salt solution which allows the eggs to rise to the top of the vial. After 20 minutes, the sample is then examined under a microscope to confirm if any parasites are present in the animals stool.
Ultrasound - Our brand new state of the art ultrasound machine is the best diagnostic tool for heart and abdominal organs. In many ways it is superior to X-rays; small changes can go undetected on a film but will be noticed on a sonogram. Sometimes vague clinical signs such as vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, lethargy and decreased energy may be attributed to one organ which can be detected on ultrasound. Organs we look at are the heart, bladder, kidneys, adrenal glands, stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas and the intestines.
X-rays - Radiographs, commonly known as X-rays, are a great tool for detecting bone and some soft tissue abnormalities. At PAHC we have a digital radiology machine, which allows us to take great quality pictures and view them within seconds, with no need for long film developing process. Computerized system also allows us to email pictures to radiology specialists and surgeons if needed for consultation.
The most common problems X-rays are used for include fractures, lameness, hip dysplasia, foreign body ingestion, respiratory problems and certain abdominal diseases when ultrasound is not possible.