Spay - A spay, or ovariohysterectomy, is the surgical removal of both the uterus and ovaries in female animals. Spaying is crucial in the prevention of pregnancy and the development of mammary tumors. Spaying your pet before she experiences her first heat cycle will give her almost a zero percent chance of developing these tumors. An ovariohysterectomy is also the treatment of a condition called Pyometra, which is when pus fills the uterus. Toxins can leak through the uterine walls into the bloodstream therefore causing a life threatening situation.
Neuter - A neuter, or orchidectomy, is the surgical removal of both testicles in male animals. This procedure is done to help minimize roaming and to prevent them from impregnating females. It can also help decrease aggressive behavior and urine marking in the home. Just like mammary, or breast cancer in females, neutering your pet will help reduce the risk of developing prostate and testicular cancer later in life.
Anesthesia - Anesthesia is one of the most important parts to a successful surgery and your pet’s quick recovery. Anesthesia is an ability to put a patient into a state of unconsciousness (called surgical plane) and bringing them back to consciousness after the procedure safely. The main goals of anesthesia are: quick and smooth induction, safe and painless time of surgery and smooth, uneventful recovery with no post-surgical pain. All this is achieved with medication. They are tailored to your pet’s specific needs, however risk always exists and precautions must be taken. Those include a pre-surgical exam performed by a veterinarian on surgical duty that day, pre-anesthetic blood work to make sure all organs responsible for your pet’s safe recovery (mainly liver and kidneys) are functioning well and IV fluids during the procedure to keep blood pressure (which decreases during anesthesia) at a safe level.